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More on the Back Family

- Correspondence
- Family Tree

Content of this page

- Census tabular data
- Census Analysis
- Stephen Back in Census
- Directory Excerpts
- Stephen Back Narrative
- 1853 School Inspection Report
- William Alfred Back Narrative
- William Alfred's Police Career

 

Other Library Sections

- Data (lists, tables, statistics)

- Image Collections

- Property related material

- eNewsletters

- Material from nearby places

The Back Family Tree

The Back family in Lynsted generated an exchange of correspondence between David Bage, Nigel Heriz-Smith and family researcher Mrs Courtney (2005).

We have also added our correspondence with Mrs Courtney as it helps place the transition from the old school-house to the "new" one that is used today.

Census-based tabular data

Thomas Back (1)
B 1772?
D 7 Sept 1829
Age 57 yrs

m
by 1807?

Jane Back
B 1786
D 2 Feb 1855
Buried Preston E of Faversham
m
Sept 1839
2) Edmund Driver
D 2 Jan 1855
Buried Lynsted
     
Children of Thomas              
Thomas Back (2)
B 4 April 1810
D 29 March 1812
William Back (1)
B 10 April 1810
D 29 March
Stephen Back
B 10 April 1813
D 24 June 1879
Jane Back
B 2 Jan 1819
D 12 March 1819
Ann Back
B 16 Sept? 1819
Died ?
     
Stephen Back
Schoolmaster
B 10 April 1813
D 24 June 1879
m
1) June 1831
¬
1) Ann How
D 6 Dec 1832 Teynham?
  Thomas (2)

Thomas
B 1842
m

Mary
B 1847
Harriett

Charles
B 1853
 
  2) 17 Feb 1838 2) Mary Thurston
D Mar 1841??
         
  3) 7 Feb 1842
St. George Southwark
3) Ann Sheard
17 July 1854 ??
         
  4) 1859 ?? 4) Sarah          
Children of Stephen              
William Alfred (2)
B 5 Feb 1843
D 1901 + Jan/Mar
(2) Emma
B 24 Nov 1844
M John W Marshal
12 July 1863
George
B3 Jan 1846
D Dec 1857 ?
Agnes
B 30 April 1848
vol v,p182
M ? Greyath
Martha
B 5 July 1850
John Sally
B 1857
Stepchild?
Henry Sally
B 1859
Stepchild?
Sarah
B 1860
James
B 1864
William Alfred (2)
B 5 Feb 1843
D 1901 + Jan/Mar
m
1865
Martha Elizabeth nee Capp
B 1843 ?
D 21 May 1910
         
Children of William Alfred (2)              
Amy Eleanor
B 30 July 1866
Charles William
B 29 March 1868
Herbert Alfred
B 29 Sept 1869
Clara Elizabeth
B 1843 ?
Edith Louisa
B 14 Sept 187?
M Sept 1901
Arthur Burnell
Arthur Charles
B 22 Dec 1875
D 4 Feb 1894
Ernest William
B 8 Feb 1877
D 1967+ July/Sept
William Octavious
B 21 May 1879
Walter Henry
B 10 May 1881
D 3 Sept 1881
Ethel Florence
B 5 Aug 1884
D 12 Octo 1884

 

1841 Census     Kent born   1851 Census      
William 29 ag lab yes   John L 45 ag lab Teynham
Sarah 23   yes   Mercey 41   Tong??
George 3   yes   James 14 ag lab Teynham
Mary Ann baby   yes   George Na 14 son in law* Teynham
Mercy Shr 54   yes   Elizabeth 7 dau in law* Teynham
Linstead Street         * stepchild??      
          Stone Chimney, Lynsted      
                 
          1851 Census      
          William 38 ag lab Linsted
          Sarah 33   Faversham
          George 12 ag lab Linsted
          Emma 6   Linsted
          William 6   Linsted
          Ann 1   Linsted
          Collyers Farm, Linsted      
                 
          1851 Census      
          Henry 33 ag lab Linsted
          Frances 24   Bapchild
          Mary 6   Teynham
          George 2   Teynham
          Barrow Green      

 

Census analysis

1841 - No trace of Stephen on census so probably living in Southwark??

1861 - This shows an unnamed Back living as a boarder but born in Teynham. Looking at the places of birth of the host family members, they seemed to have moved around probably looking for work (Borden, Sittingbourne, Bredgar, Stockbury). Whose family does ? Back belong to ? Born about 1828.

1871 - From 1871 record Father & son have carpentry firm in Teynham with 1 helper. The siblings, Thomas, Charles & Mary live with their parents.

1881 - From the 1881 record, they still live in Teynham, Harriett has died & Thomas Snr is living with his son, & working as a carpenter The firm has grown to 3 men & 1 boy employed. Thomas Jnr was born in Southwark but Thomas Snr was born in Teynham so he came home to work from Southwark after 1842-ish.

The Henry Back on 1881 census may be a relation of Thomas and seems to work on the land & his son is in the brickfield.

1891 - Charles now has own family & is an agricultural labourer.

1901 - By 1901 Thomas Snr has died & Thomas Jnr still lives in Teynham with Mary Jane his wife, & son Charles working as Chemist/Druggist.

Charles (age 12 1881) now 32 appears on 1901, working in cement with Annie (wife) & 4 children.

By 1908 Thomas Jnr is an overseer of Lynsted parish. (Something to do with the church warden?)


1851 census
Stephen 37 schoolmaster Teynham
Ann 38   Uffington, Berks
William A 8   Teynham
Agnes 2   Teynham
Martha baby   Teynham
Thomas 9 nephew Southwark
Henry Livic 12 nephew Ramsgate
Mary Read 69 lodger Stranscombe
Green Street, Linsted: so only been living in the area since 1843? (Date William born?)

NB On 1851 census at 49 Linstead Lane a boarding school with S Nickols, schoolmistress


1861 census: ? Back (23) unmarried ag lab, born Teynham. Boarding with Hurst family of Ag Labs at Old George Yard, Sittingbourne.


1861 census         1871 census      
Thomas (2) 52 Carpenter     Thomas (2) 63 Carpenter Teynham
Harriet 56       Harriett 64   Teynham
Thomas (2) 19       Harriett 26   Southwark
Mary Men 66 widow     Thomas (3) 29 Carpenter Southwark
Linsted St, Linstead         Teynham Street Teynham      
1881 census         1871 census      
Thomas 72 Carpenter Teynham   Thomas (2) 63 Carpenter Teynham
Thomas (son) 39 Builder employing 3 men, 1 boy Southwark   Harriett 64   Teynham
Mary (wife) 32   Sittingbourne   Harriett 26   Southwark
Linsted Street, Linsted         Thomas (3) (son) 29 Carpenter Southwark
          Mary (dau. in law) 24   Sittingbourne
          Charles (g.son) 18 mths    
          + 1 helper   Carpenter  
          Teynham Street, Teynham      
1881 census         1871 census      
Thomas (2) 52 Carpenter     Thomas (2) 63 Carpenter Teynham
Harriet 56       Harriett 64   Teynham
Thomas (2) 19       Harriett 26   Southwark
Mary Men 66 widow     Thomas (3) (son) 29 Carpenter Southwark
Linsted St, Linstead         Mary (dau. in law) 24   Sittingbourne
          Charles (g.son) 18 mths   Lynsted
          Teynham Street, Teynham      
1881 census         1881 census      
Thomas 72 Carpenter Teynham   Henry 62 fm labour Lynsted
Thomas (son) 39 Builder employing 3 men, 1 boy Southwark   Fanny 54   Teynham
Mary 32 wife Sittingbourne   Henry 15 brickfield labourer Bapchild
+ 2 boarders         Martha Clement (dau.) 28   Teynham
Lynsted Street Green Teynham Kent         Charles 12 fm labour Teynham
          William Clement (g.son) 2    
          Barrow Green, Teynham
NB is this a brother of Thomas (2) Back?? Martha married Edwin Clement 16 Oct 1869 also on the list same day is George Back marrying Emma Rains (was this a double wedding of brothers?)
1881 census                
*Charles (son of Thomas age 39) 11 Boarder at Commercial School, Faversham            

 

Other Facts

In Kellys directory 1855 & 1867: Thomas Back is a carpenter in Teynham and Stephen is the schoolmaster of the parochial school and the parish clerk. Mrs S Back is the schoolmistress. School serves Lynsted and Kingsdown. Population: 1851 - 977 people.

In Bagshaw 1867 directory Linsted Parochial (free) school was open in 1846. S Back i/c. For 23 boys 34 girls & 14 on Sunday. At Vicarage Meadow owned by Mr Tappenden. In Kelly 1872/4/1882: Thomas Back is the Lynsted parish clerk and builder. Stephen has left Lynsted. Population 1,165.

1891 census: Charles Back (22) farm labourer, born Teynham. Annie (20), born Great Chart. Percy (1), born Teynham. Living Teynham Cottages.

1901 census: Charles Back (32), cement maker, born Teynham. Annie (30), born Great Chart. Percy C (11), born Teynham. William F (4), born Teynham. Frederick J (2), born Teynham. Thomas L (5 mths), born Teynham. William J Clement Brother (21), agricultural labourer, born Teynham. Living in Marsh Lane, Teynham
NB Frederick & William were both killed in WW1 see below.

Stephen Back (my great great grandfather)

Born: 10 April 1813, Teynham
Died: 14 June 1879 v 2a p500
Schoolmaster in Lynsted: 1838 - 1865 at least. Listed as a greengrocer in Southwark on 1842 marriage certificate.
Married: (1) Ann How, June 1831; (2) Mary Thurston, 17 February 1838, Teynham. Daughter John Thurston bricklayer, she died March 1841 or September 1842; (3) Ann Sheard, 7 Feb 1842, St George Southwark. Died 1850??; (4) Sarah, 1859?, Died Faversham v2a p539?

(1) Stephen married Mary Thurston 1838 he is a widower so who was previous wife? Mary possibly died March 1841 v5 p129 Faversham.
(2) When Stephen marries Ann his father is shown as Thomas a Grocer, and Stephen is shown as a greengrocer. Ann's father is William Sheard, labourer of Uffington (1851 census) and mother Mary & was born on 10 May 1812 at Uffington. No siblings on IGI. William married Mary Priddy, West Hendred Berks on 4 Nov 1811. Stephen's address at marriage is Ken Street, Southwark. Stephen has been married before as he is a widower. Witnesses were Thomas Back and Rebecca Sheard (illiterate) who is ?? not found in IGI.

Family

William (b.1843) - my great grandfather - children of Ann
Emma (b. 1844) - children of Ann
George (b.1846) - children of Ann
Agnes (b.1848) - m. James Guyatt, September 1878, Faversham - children of Ann
Martha (b.1850) - children of Ann
John Solly (b.1857) - step child?
Henry Solly (b.1859) - step child?
Sarah (Solly?) (b.1860)
James (b.1864)

Note: Linstead (Lynsted) old English for a place marked by a lime tree. In 2005, it has 60 listed buildings, and is on the edge of the North Kent fruit belt, with orchards and farms. The freehold was held by Teynham Manor and the school was built in mid 1800s.

Population of Lynsted & Teynham

1801: 796 - 424
1831: 952 - 751
1851: 973 - 842
1871: 1165 - 1894
1901: 1213 - 1839

Teynham war memorial for WW1 has Frederick Back & William Frank Back. William Francis Back served with 7th Battalion Buffs (East Kent). He was born in Teynham and enlisted at Canterbury on 1 July 1917. He was a Lance Corporal and was killed in action in France and Flanders on 23 October 1918, aged 22. Frederick Back served in 1st/19th Battalion, London Regiment. He died at 21 years old on 16 September 1917, born 1894. His father, Harry, lived aat No2 Frognal Lane, Teynham (thanks to John Cummins, family researcher). He is commemorated on Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial.

Census analysis

Stephen was born in Teynham but he married his wife Ann Sheard in Southwark. She was born in Uffington, Berks the daughter of William & Mary Sheard. Born 10 May 1812.

In 1861 census they are living at Church St West Hanney, Berks as ag labs. Next door is John & Ann Sheard also ag labs in their 30s. Mother of William Alfred, Emma, George & Agnes & possibly Martha but must have died about 1850. Mary was born in Uffington & William in Denchworth, Berks. By 1861, Stephen is married to Sarah & seems to be the step father of John & Henry. Sarah may be Stephen's child. William is working as a gardener perhaps waiting until he was 20 & could join the police. The dockyard police at Chatham were part of the Metropolitan police so this may be how he heard about them & then moved to London (Southwark in 1871!) to join. Stephen is the schoolmaster at Linstead school in 1861 & perhaps from 1848 as his younger children were born in Lynsted. He was perhaps living in Southwark at some point as his Mother (Harriet) and Ann Sheard came from there. Thos Snr & Jnr (Stephen's brother & nephew) also had a link with Southwark.

By 1871 William Alfred has left home & Stephen is living & working as a gardener in Faversham. Assuming the Schoolhouse was a tied house, once he stopped teaching he would have to live elsewhere. His wife Sarah, & 5 children live there too.

1861 Census: Stephen Back (48), head, schoolmaster, Born Teynham; Sarah (39), wife, Born St. Laurence; William Alfred (16), born Teynham; Agnes (13, dau.), born Lynsted; Martha (11, dau.), born Lynsted; John Sally (4, son), born Lynsted; Henry Sally (2, son), born Lynsted; Sarah (baby), born Lynsted; Elizabeth Sherlock (76, lodger), born Eastling. Living in School House, Linsted Street, Linsted.

1871 Census: Stephen (58) gardener; Sarah (50); Agnes (24); John (14), scholar; Henry (12), scholar; Sarah (10), scholar; James (7), scholar. Living in 46 Manor Place, Faversham.


Notes: Schoolmaster were paid about £120 per year and gardeners about £50-60 per year.


1881: Stephen died in 1879 and in 1881 Sarah is working as a Laundress and has Agnes (married to a Guyatt) and 3 other children with her. James is an apprentice draper. Henry is labouring at a large farm in Lynsted and living with the Bailiff's family.
1891: By 1891 Sarah is still in Faversham and still washing with the help from Sarah. John who was a gardener in 1881 is now a railway signalman.


1881 Census

Sarah Back (67), head, Laundress, b.St Lawrence, Ramsgate; Agnes Guyatt (30), daughter, b.Lynsted; John Back (24), son, gardener, b. Lynsted; Sarah S Back (20), dau, Ironer; James Back (17), son, drapers apprentice., b. Lynsted. Living in 18A Park Road, Faversham.


1891 Census

Sarah Back (68), laundress, b. St. Lawrence; John (35), railway signalman, b.Lynsted; Sarah Back (30) Assistant Laundress, born Lynsted. Living in 28 Park Road, Faversham.


1901 Census

By 1901 I could only find James and Henry. I assume Sarah, their Mother is dead. James is a draper in Purton Stoke, Wilts, with wife Elizabeth & 2 children. Henry is working in a brickyard, has wife Emily and 4 children and lives in Lynsted. I can find no trace of the others.

James Black (37), draper/shopkeeper, born Lynsted; Elizabeth (38), b. Ramsgate; James (9), born Wortham; Sydney (8), b. Faversham; and one servant. Living in High Street, Purton Stonke, Wilts. (Between Cricklade and Swindon).

Henry Back (35), moulder in brickyard, b.Teynham; Emily (34), b. Eastling; Harry (10), b. Greenwich; Albert (7), b. Greenwich; Frederick (5), b. Lynsted; Willie (2), b. Lynsted. Living in Wickins Cottages, Lynsted.


School inspection report for Lynsted school.

Sept 1853 in the deanery of Ospringe (inspected every 3 years). Lynsted mixed Master and mistress. Rev. J. Hamilton is vicar. 83 pupils on books 49 examined. Population on Lynsted 977. Inspector's comment: "The room is little adapted for separation of classes, which however is not attempted, the teachers having kept a private school in the village and continuing the methods of teaching usual in them. The mechanical instruction in reading, repetition, cyphering and writing is very imperfect. The religious knowledge is also defective in amount and in intelligence. The mistress seems to have been more successful in getting the younger girls forward in reading.
Master report: mixed school number 332
S. Back, 40 yrs, not trained.
Schoolroom 24x15x8.5 feet. No playground. Masters lodgings over school.
Pupils: <6yrs - boys 5 & girls 5; 7-9 years - boys 18 & girls 17; 10-12 years - boys 17 & 18; 13+ - girls only 3. Total: boys 40, girls 43.
Average attendance: boys 30, girls 31. Sunday pupils: boys 15, girls 18.
Yearly rental of buildings.
Prayers at start of day, daily register kept, no punishment book. No library or clothing club, visited by committee. Industrial teaching sewing and knitting.
Income: School pence £8 14s. 0d.; Other £39 2s. 0d.; Total £47 16s. 0d. Masters salary £31 4s. 0d. Total Cost: £44.
Marks: 'A' good, 'D' deficient.
At exam: No. present, 49. 23 age 11, 8 age 10, 9 age 9, 9 age 8.
Catechism - C/D - no pupils; Church catechism - C - 40 pupils
Liturgy - D - no pupils; Easy books - C (age 9) - 17 pupils
Old Testament - C/D - no pupils; Harder books - C (age 11) - 23 pupils
New Testament - C/D - no pupils; Slates - C - 9 pupils
Copy Books - B/C - 31 pupils
Memory dictation - B/C - 23
Addition easy - D - 8
Simple Rules - C - 17 pupils
Compound rules - B/C - 7 pupils

Good order, pupils deficient in intelligence, fair cleanliness of children.


William Alfred (2) - my Great great grandfather

Born: 5 February 1843 p.127/187 Teynham Kent
Died: March 1901, East Preston, Brighton v2b p235 Jan/Mar. Age 58, not on IGI
Family: Father - Stephen, b.10 April 1813, Died 24 June 1879. Mother, Ann Sheard.
Grandparents: Thomas and Jane Back. Jane married Edmund Driver, Sept 1839 so he became step grandfather. On IGI Edmund seems to marry Mary Fowler at Faversham on 26 Jan 1812. There is a death of Mary Ann Driver in Sept 1838. This is probably his first wife as Jane Back married him in Sept 1/4 1839. They both died in 1855.
Married: 4 May 1865, St. Mary, Newington, Surrey (now Brixton). Martha Elizabeth nee Capp, b.1843? on 1901 census, aka Mary. Witnesses: Matthew Morgan, Amelia Davies (possibly born May 1830, Stoke Newington; Dau Edward Henry Davies and Jane Elizabeth Smith; Harriet Jane Back.

Will: 3 February 1901, Willows, Upper High Street, Worthing; £1,474 left to Martha equal to £97,849 in 2002 money.

Work: Police Career:

 

Retirement record from National archives, Kew, is shown below:

 

Description of pensioner:

 

Particulars of service:
M division - Constable - 20.4.63 to 12.12.67
K division - Sergeant - 13.12.67 to 6.1.69
M division - Sergeant - 7.1.69 to 2.12.75
K division - Inspector - 3.12.75 to 14.6.83
K division - Ch Inspector - 15.6.83 to 4.10.88

Injuries: none
Married
Next of kin: Martha Elizabeth Back
Address: 34 Lawrence Road, Bow

Have 1st aid certificate from St Johns dated Oct 1878 at Metropolitan centre. Family rumour says was involved in the "Jack the Ripper" investigation. 6 murders that took place in Whitechapel (next division to Bow) from August 1888 to November 1888.

Life Governor of the London Hospital, 1880 and paid fee of £31 10s. on 9 August 1880 which meant h could recommend 16 patients per year for treatment until 1896.

Lived: George Street, Newington - 1865; 65 St. Andrew Road, Newington in 1867; 377 Southwark Street (next to Imperial Hotel) Chistchurch, Surrey in 1871; 34 Laurence Road, Bow in 1881; 10 Market Place, Leytonstone Road, Wanstead in 1891; Leytonstone; Willows, Upper High Street, Worthing in 1901.

Children

Amy Eleanor, b. 30 July 1866, d. 9 March 1867 (teething convulsion fit immediate).

Herbert Alfred, b. 29 Sept 1869, d. 14 July 1933

Charles William, b. 29 March 1868, d. 4 August 1871 Southwark (cause, croup, aged 3year 4 months)

Clara Elizabeth, b. 15 December 1871 Surrey, d. 9 January 1925. Disabled

Edith Louisa, b. 14 September 1873 Surrey, M. 12 September 1901

Ernest William, b. 8 February 1877 Plaistow, d. 1968 Bournemouth

Arthur Charles, b. 22 December 1875 Poplar, d. 4 February 1894 West Ham. Age: 18 Grocer's assistant. Cause - Cardiac disease (morbus cardiac) and Oedema of lungs.

William Octavious (3), b. 21 May 1879, Bow.

Walter Henry, b. 10 May 1881, d. 3 September 1881, Bow.

Ethel Florence, b. 5 August 1884, d. 12 October 1884, Bow (age 10 weeks) - cause - Thrush and convulsions