Throughout history, this part of Kent has relied hugely on agricultural industries - arable, livestock, soft and hard fruit, and hops and their supported crafts. Woodland management and timber plantations also figured in the area. Harvesting time swelled the local populations leading to some conflict between parishioners and itinerant workers.
Increasing mechanisation in agriculture through the nineteenth century led to significant regional and local agricultural poverty and under-employment. But other industries grew, and communication improved with the arrival of railways and metalled roads.