Lynsted with Kingsdown Society

Contact Us :: Links :: Privacy Policy

Return to WW1 Home Page

On this day...

RemembranceCommemoration of Casualties from the Parochial Parish of Kingsdown and Creekside.

 

News from the Home FrontReturn to Newspaper snippets from the Home Front

Unknown soldiers - photos of soldiers without known names.

< 1918 August >
M T W T F S S
      1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8† 9 10 11
12† 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21† 22 23 24 25†
26 27 28 29 30 31  

Artefacts ...

-

Despatches from the Front ...

- 20th July 1918 - Account of the changed balance of power on the Western Front. Preparations to meet the German Offensive and the Allied withdrawal and the fight to a standstill that followed. The great defensive battles on the Somme and Lys Rivers.
- 21st December 1918 - Despatch describing the final 100-day phase of the War following the turning of the German offensive from 8th August 1918.

All Despatches transcribed by the Lynsted with Kingsdown Society

Imperial War Museum War Partnership logoFirst World War - Home Front News & Snippets.....
August 1918

World War 1 soldier at rest

As the Centenary unfolds, a range of newspaper and other records will appear here to give an idea of how the war was revealed at home primarily focused on Kent for our purposes .... fairly random. If you have other snippets to share, please let us know using the dedicated email account:
Parish Records Contact Address


Allied Counter Strokes in August 1918The end game - the One Hundred Day Offensive begins.

The German Spring Offensive had stalled for several weeks. The battle-lines had stretched to breaking-point for the German troops. Shortage of food, water and other supplies were very real problem for the German soldiers at this time. The conditions at the Front were the result of a failed attempt to 'break through' Allied lines using lightly equipped "attack troops" for rapid deployment and swift progress. That progress had also swollen the German casualty list.

On 8th August, the French and Commonwealth Allies mounted counter-attacks to "straighten" the German salients along the Front. The map (right) shows the remarkable progress made from 8th August to 4th September. Trench warfare had now been replaced by resistance through prepared positions and successive counter-attacks by the German Army.

This was the beginning of a concerted Allied effort - the "one hundred day offensive." Not only had forces been refreshed by American soldiers but other British "Base Depot" Battalions had been rapidly trained for combat to release the more experienced Battalions to be committed against the German Line.

During August, our Cluster of Parishes lost four men. Albert Henry Luckhurst of Oare was lost on the first day of that offensive.

"The Army and Navy Gazette" summarised events on the British (Western) Front.

Western Front reported on 10th August 1918

Western (British) Front.-The number of prisoners captured by the British during the month of July was 4,503, including 89 officers. On August 3 strong hostile raiding parties, after an artillery bombardment, attacked the British lines south-east of Hebuterne, but were completely repulsed. Another hostile raiding party east of Robecq was dispersed by machine-gun fire in the morning. British patrols reached the River Ancre between Dernancourt and Hamel, and came in contact with the enemy. A hostile raiding party south of Arras was driven off in the morning of August 4 without loss to the British. A few prisoners were captured by British. A few prisoners were captured by British patrols during the day in the La Bassée sector. On August 5 the British pushed forward their posts slightly at Pacaut Wood, east of Robecq. On August 6 the enemy attacked the British new positions south of Morlancourt astride the Bray-Corbis road, and succeeded in capturing a portion of the ground taken by the British on July 29-29. In a counter-attack on August 7 the British regained all the more important portions of the ground and took a considerable number of prisoners. A combined attack was launched by the Fourth British and the First French Armies on August 8, when the Germans were driven from positions north-east, east and south-east of Amiens. The enemy was completely surprised by the attack, and over the larger part of the front the advance of the Allied troops was rapid. The attack was on a front of about twelve miles, and the advance averaged four to seven miles. The number of prisoners is estimated at 7,000, and the guns at upwards of 100.

Western (French) Front.- The total number of German prisoners taken on the battle front of the Marne and Champagne during the period from July 15, the date of the opening of the German offensive, to July 31, amounts to 33,400, including 674 officers. In the region south-west of Rheims an enemy attack against Bligny mountain was repulsed after a lively fight on July 31. The enemy carried out several raids in the region of the Four de Paris and on the right bank of the Meuse without achieving any advantage. The French, on the other hand, inflicted heavy losses upon him and took some prisoners. On August 1, north of the Ourcq, the French, in conjunction with British units, drove back the enemy from the positions between the region of Plessier-Huleu and the river. The French carried the height north of Grand Rozoy, passed beyond the village of Beugneux, and reached Cramoiselle and Cramaille, making at this point an advance of about two miles and taking 600 prisoners. Further south the French gained possession of Cierges and the Meuniere Wood, and north of the road from Dormans to Rheims captured the village of Romigny with about 100 prisoners. During the course of the night the French made fresh progress to the north of the Marne.

The attack carried out during July 31 and August 1 by the French and Allied troops on the front north of the Marne was completely successful. Hard pressed on the whole line, the enemy was forced to abandon the position of resistance which he had organised between Fere-en-Tardenois and Ville-en-Tardenois and to hasten his retreat. On their left the French entered Soissons, and further south they crossed the Crise on its entire length. In the centre the French progressed on a wide front north of the Ourcq and passed beyond Arcy-Sainte-Restitue, penetrating into the Bois de Dole. Further east, Coulonges, two and a half miles north of the Bois de Meuniere, was in French possession, as well as Goussancourt, Villers-Agron, and Ville-en-Tardenois, which were on the French right. On this part of the front the French carried their lines about three miles north of the road from Dormans to Rheims on the line Vezilly-Lhery, and between the Ardre and the Vesle they occupied Gueux and Thillois.

In the course of the night of August 2 the French pursued their advance towards the Vesle, and on their left they reached the Aisne, between Soissons and Venizel. During August 3 the French drove back the enemy’s rearguards and continued their advance on a front of about 31 miles in the direction of the Vesle. On their left the French were on the edge of the southern banks of the Aisne and the Vesle from Soissons to Fismes, of which the Americans held the outskirts. East of Fismes the French reached the line north of Courville-Branscourt-Courcelles-Champigny, and French cavalry were operating along the Soissons-Rheims railway line. At certain points the French had advanced since August 2 six miles and taken over 50 villages. During August 4 the French reached the Vesle at several points to the east of Fismes, which finally came into their possession. The enemy’s rearguards put up a stiff resistance, notably between Munizon and Champigny. However, French detachments succeeded in gaining a footing on the right bank of the Vesle at several points. North-west of Rheims the French gained ground as far as the village of Neuvillette, which the enemy energetically defended. On the left bank of the Avre, between Castel and Mesnil St. Georges, the enemy was obliged to abandon part of his positions, which had become untenable as the result of the French advance of July 23. The French occupied Braches, penetrated into Hargicourt, and carried their lines to the western outskirts of Courtemanche and took some prisoners. The French units which crossed the Vesle, everywhere encountered the resistance of the enemy. On the whole front of the Vesle the situation remained unchanged on August 5. On the northern bank of the Vesle local actions took place between small French detachments and the enemy posts. To the north of Montdidier the French progressed on August 6 as far as the Avre, between Braches and Morisel; while to the south-east of Montdidier an attack by the enemy broke down, some prisoners being taken by the French.

Western Front reported on 17th August

LASSIGNY “MASSIF” CAPTURED.
Western Front. The French reported on August 15 that they had captured two strong points to the north-west of Ribecourt – L’Alliche Farm and the Monolith Farm – thus completing the capture of the Lassigny massif.
During the combined attack by the Fourth British and the First French Armies the British line was advanced on August 8 on the whole front from the Lawe River to the River Bourre, north-west of Merville, to a maximum depth of over 2,000 yards. The British held Locon, Le Cornet, Malo, Quentin, Le Pierre, Pacaut, and Lesart. Assisted by British light tanks and armoured cars, the cavalry passed through the infantry and beyond the British objectives, riding down German transport and limbers in their retreat, surrounding and capturing villages and taking many prisoners. The Allied Armies renewed their attack on August 9 on the whole battle-front south of the Somme, and made progress at all points in spite of increasing hostile resistance. The French extended the front of the attack southwards and captured the village of Pierrepont and the wood to the north of it. North and north-east of this locality the French made rapid progress and realised an advance of over four miles in the course of the day. Canadian and Australian troops, having capture the line of the outer defences of Amiens, advanced beyond them to a depth of two miles after severe fighting at a number of points. Before evening the Allied Armies had reached the general line Pierrepont-Arvillers-Rosieres-Rainecour- Morecourt. The French, attacking south of Mondidier during the afternoon, captured Le Tronquoy, Le Fretoy, and Assainvillers, and threatened Montdidier from the south-east, Canadian and Australian divisions took Bouchoir, Meharicourt, and Lihons, and entered Rainecourt and Proyart. In the evening British and American troops attacked in the angle between the Somme and the Ancre and met with immediate success. By nightfall all objectives had been taken, including the village of Morlancourt and the high ground to the south-east of it.

The attack launched in the evening, in accordance with the Allied plan of operations, by the right of the French First Army south of Montdidier was developed by the French on August 10 with complete success. Enveloped from the north and from the south-east, the town of Montdidier fell into the hands of the French before midday. During the remainder of the day the advance of the French First Army continued in co-operation with the French Army on its right and the right of the British Fourth Army. Pressing hard upon the retreating Germans south of Lihons, the British overcame the enemy’s resistance and made substantial progress. The general line reached by the Allied troops ran from north to south, Lihons-Fresnoy-les-Roye – Liguieres- Conchoy-les-Pots. By a successful operation carried out during the night the British advanced their line north of the Somme on the high ground between Etinehem and Dernancourt. The French made further progress along the south bank of the Avre River and reached the outskirts of l’Echelle-St. Aurin.

On August 11 the British improved their positions slightly east of Robecq. Early in the day the enemy delivered strong attacks with fresh divisions brought up from the reserve against the British positions at Lihons and to the south and north of that place. All these attacks were repulsed after severe fighting, in which the British inflicted great loss upon the enemy’s advancing lines. At one point immediately north of Lihons the German assault troops broke into the British positions and penetrated to the west side of the village. They were then counter-attacked, and in the course of hard fighting over difficult ground were driven back to the east and north of the village, the British line being completely restored. The French, acting in co-operation with the British on their left, continued their attacks, and made progress south-west and south of Roye. In the evening the enemy again attacked the British positions south of Lihons and was repulsed. As the result of a successful operation carried out by the British immediately south of the Somme they linked up their positions east of Mericourt with their line east of Etinehem, on the north bank of the river. The French made progress in the direction of Roye, capturing the villages of Armancourt and Tilloy The British effected local improvements in their line east of Robecq and between Vieux Berquin and Merris. Successful fighting took place on August 12 in the neighbourhood of the Roye road and east of Fouquescourt and on the south bank of the Somme. The British line was advanced in each of these localities. South of the Somme the British captured the village of Proyart after sharp fighting in which the enemy lost heavily, and the French took Les Loges.

On August 13 local hostile attacks in the Dickebusch sector were repulsed, and the British line slightly advanced east of Meteren. Following upon his recent withdrawals in the Hebuterne sector the enemy on August 14 evacuated his forward positions at Beaumont Hamel, Serre, Puisieux-au-Mont, and Bucquoy.

The continuous bombing of the Somme bridges, coupled with that of railway lines and junctions, which has taken place night and day since the beginning of the offensive, has interfered with the arrival of the enemy’s reinforcements. It has also forced the enemy to employ large formations of scouts to endeavour to protect his communications, of such vital importance to his other arms, but concentrations of British machines have effectively dealt with all opposition.

The number of prisoners captured by the French First Army and the British Fourth Army since the morning of August 8 exceeds 33,000. Among them are 800 officers, including eight regimental commanders. In the same period these two Armies have taken about 600 German guns, including many guns of heavy calibre and also several thousand machine-guns and numerous trench mortars which have not yet been counted. The material captured includes three complete trains and vast stocks of engineering and other stores.

Western Front reported on 24th August

5,000 PRISONERS IN TWO DAYS.
Western (British) Front. On Thursday (August 22) the British launched an attack in the angle between the Somme and the Ancre north of Bray to Albert – a front of about six miles and two miles in depth. Albert was recaptured and 1,400 prisoners and some guns were taken. On Wednesday (August 21) the British attacked on a front of about 10 miles from the River Ancre to the neighbourhood of Moyenneville, resulting in the capture of about 3,600 prisoners. On the whole of this front the British penetrated deeply into the enemy’s positions and took five villages and a number of prisoners. The advance was continued as far as the neighbourhood of the Albert-Arras railway.

On August 15 the enemy launched a counter-attack against the British new positions at Damery, but his troops were everywhere repulsed with great loss, leaving over 250 prisoners and a number of machine-guns with the British. On August 16 the British advanced troops in this locality pushed forward in cooperation with the French, and made substantial progress in the direction of Fresnoy-les-Roye and Fansart, taking some prisoner. The pressure of the British north of the Roye and of the Ancre was continued, and progress was made in both sectors. In the neighbourhood of Merris and Vieux Berquin the British took a few prisoners, and north of Proyart the British line was slightly advanced at night. On August 17 progress was made on a front of nearly a mile north of Lihons. The British improved their positions slightly south of Bucquoy, and drove off a hostile raiding party in this neighbourhood.

A successful local operation was carried out on August 18 by the British on a front of more than four miles between Vieux Berquin and Builleul. With slight loss the British on this front advanced their line to a depth of from 1,000 to 2,000 yards. The village of Outtersteene and several defended farms and houses were captured, and 676 prisoners taken. Progress was also made south-west of Merville and between Chilly and Fransart. During the night progress was made in the Merville sector, in spite of opposition from hostile machine-guns. The enemy counter-attacked the British new positions between Outtersteene and Meteren, but the attack was broken up by artillery and machine-gun fire. On the morning of August 19 the enemy delivered a strong attack on a front of a mile against the British positions between Lihons and Herleville. His troops succeeded in penetrating the British line at two points, but were at once driven out by a counter-attack and the situation completely restored. Many casualties were inflicted on the enemy, and a few of his men were captured. In the Merville sector the British advance was continued, and considerable progress was made on a front of some 10,000 yards. The British reached the line of the road which runs through Merville from Paradis to Les Puresbecques, and entered Merville. Sharp fighting took place at different points in the course of the advance, and a number of prisoners and machine-guns were captured by the British.

[.....The French, in the same reporting period took 8,000 prisoners and 200 guns]

Western Front reported on 31st August

Western (British) Front. On August 28 the British made progress in the direction of Combles, and among a number of gains further north was the village of Croisilles, where the enemy maintained an obstinate resistance. South of the Somme the British took Foncancourt, which the enemy held strongly with machine-guns. On August 29 New Zealand troops captured Bapaume.

Since August 8 the British have rendered the enemy’s positions on the old Somme Battlefield untenable. On the whole front from Bapaume southwards the enemy has been forced to abandon, with great loss in prisoners, guns and material, the ground gained by him at heavy cost in March and April of this year. Since August 21 the British have captured 26,000 prisoners and over 100 guns.

On August 23 the British pressed the attack on a front of more than 30 miles from Lihons to Mercatel, and advanced against the German position on the east bank of the Ancre and gained ground after heavy fighting. English troops attacked on the left centre of the battle front along the railway north of Grandcourt and took Achiet-le-Grand, Bihucourt and the ridge overlooking Irles. The positions of the British advancing infantry were ascertained and reported by British aeroplanes, while the enemy was constantly harassed from the air.

Early on August 24 the attack was resumed and fighting took place to the British advantage north of the La Bassée Canal, in the Givenchy sector. On the battle front north of the Somme continuous fighting took place, the British pressing the enemy hard at all points and allowing him no respite. Despite the arrival of considerable hostile reinforcements progress was again realised on the whole front of the attack. Australian troops, attacking along the north bank of the Somme, captured Bray-sur-Somme, and continuing their advance carried the enemy’s positions in this neighbourhood. On their left London and East Counties’ troops made further progress along the high ground south-east of Albert, and on the right centre of the attack Welsh troops and battalions from the northern counties of England advanced over the ground of the old Somme Battlefield of 1916 about La Boisselle, Ovillers, Mouquet Farm, Thiepval, and Grandcourt. The British were once more astride the Thiepval ridge and advancing eastwards. On the left centre of the attack East Lancashire troops were heavily engaged about Miraumont, where the enemy held out with great stubbornness until the village was gradually outflanked by British columns. North of this village the New Zealand Division struck in the direction of Bapaume and reached Avesnes les Bapaume, on the outskirts of Bapaume. North of the Scarpe the British captured the old British front line east and north-east of Givenchy, and made progress into the German positions in an operation in which all objectives were secured.

During August 25 hostile opposition increased with the arrival of German reinforcements. Many hostile counter-attacks were made at different points but broke down with loss under the fire of the British, who fought their way forward, and overcame the enemy’s resistance. On the north bank of the Somme Australian troops, by a successful attack, carried the enemy’s position on the high ground east of Bray, while on their left London and East Counties’ Divisions continued their advance in the direction of Carnoy and took Mametz, and Welsh troops captured Mametz Wood. In the centre of the attack the British crossed the Albert-Bapaume road along its whole length south of Bapaume and captured Martinpuich, Le Sars, and Le Barque. North of Bapaume severe fighting took place in Favreuil. In both localities the attacks were repulsed. North of Favreuil the British met the enemy with the bayonet, inflicting heavy casualties and taking prisoners. The British took Favreuil and made progress beyond the village.

On August 26 Canadian, Scottish and London troops attacked on both sides of the Scarpe River from Croisilles to the neighbourhood of Gavrelle. On the south bank of the river Canadian divisions passed through the enemy’s foremost defences and captured the high ground known as Orange hill and Wancourt and Monchy-le-Preux. Meanwhile, north of the Scarpe Scottish troops carried the German first defensive system south of Gavrelle, reaching the outskirts of Roeux. On the right of the Canadians the Scottish and London troops, who during the preceding days had fought their way forward towards Croisilles and Heninel, continued their attacks. Although they met with vigorous resistance from the German infantry and machine-gunners, they made progress, and completed the capture of the high ground between Croisilles and Heninel. On the southern portion of the battle front the British advance continued on both banks of the Somme. Australian troops took Cappy and made progress east of the village. North of the Somme they entered Suzanne. Farther north English troops pushed forward in the direction of Montauban and Welsh troops captured Bazentin-le-Grande. On the remainder of the battle front fighting took place at a number of points, and the British line was advanced in certain sectors.

At Sea

The competing navies continued to disrupt and strangle supplies to fighting forces, demoralise and starve home populations. Submarines were evolving as effective instruments of war. Many air attacks on Britain were reported as "naval" actions.

In the air

Aeroplane technology had come of age by the closing weeks of the War - starting as spotters and photographers, aeroplanes on both side evolved into a mixed flight of fighters and bombers as well as the intelligence-gathering function.

Reported in the Army and Navy Gazette of 10th August. "The Admiralty has made the following announcements:-
Five enemy airships attempted to cross our coasts last night (August 5), but while still at sea were attacked by Royal Air Force contingents working with the Navy. Three were brought to action, one of which was shot down in flames 40 miles from the coast, and another was damaged, but probably succeeded in reaching its base."

Additional coverage in the following issue (17th August) expanded: "Work of Our naval Airmen. The Admiralty announces that a large amount of work has been done by Royal Air Force contingents working with the Navy during the period August 1 to 7.
On August 5 our aircraft successfully attacked hostile Zeppelins, one of which was destroyed and another damaged. On another occasion a formation of our large seaplanes in the North Sea sighted a Zeppelin at about 4,000 ft. They climbed to attack, and were apparently not at first seen by the enemy. Later the crew of the Zeppelin evidently sighted our machines, for all bombs were dropped, water ballast released, and then nose of the Zeppelin put up into practically a vertical position. By these tactics the Zeppelin was able to escape into the heavy clouds and was lost to sight. One of our machines was forced to land in Dutch waters. The machine was destroyed and the crew interned. Convoy and anti-submarine patrols have been maintained. Enemy destroyers and submarines have been attacked and direct hits registered. Bad visibility has interfered with bombing operations over Ostend and Zeebrugge, but many tons of explosives have been dropped with good results. During engagements that have taken place three enemy machines have been shot down in flames and six driven down out of control. All our machines have returned safely.

Statistics

NUMBER OF WOMEN EMPLOYED WITH THE BRITISH EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, FRANCE (3rd August, 1918)
1. Nursing sisters and others working for the Royal Army Medical Corps:-
  Nurses V.A.D.s General
Service
V.A.D.s
Others Totals
British
2,396
1,685
862
-
4,943
Colonial
1,298
34
-
6
1,388
American
807
14
-
21
842
Totals
4,501
1,733
862
27
7,123
2. Nursing sisters and other workers in the British Red Cross Society:-
  Nurses V.A.D.s Others Totals
British Red Cross Society
216
592
54
862
St. John Ambulance Brigade Hospital
55
26
-
81
Friends' Ambulance Unit
14
21
-
35
First Aid Nursing Yeomanry Corps
-
18
98
116
Totals
285
657
152
1,094
3. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps .. .. .. ..
7,808*
4. Societies which employ women:-
Y.M.C.A. .. .. .. ..
571
Church Army .. .. .. ..
77
Soldiers' Christian Association .. .. .. ..
54
Salvation Army .. .. .. ..
150
Other institutions .. .. .. ..
204

Totals .. .. .. ..

1,056
5. Other Government Departments which employ women as drivers:-
General Service V.A.D.s .. .. .. ..
99

* includes 31 with the American Expeditionary Force


Work of Our naval Airmen.

The Admiralty announces that a large amount of work has been done by Royal Air Force contingents working with the Navy during the period August 1 to 7.
On August 5, our aircraft successfully attacked hostile Zeppelins, one of which was destroyed and another damaged. On another occasion a formation of our large seaplanes in the North Sea sighted a Zeppelin at about 4,000 ft. They climbed to attack, and were apparently not at first seen by the enemy. Later the crew of the Zeppelin evidently sighted our machines, for all bombs were dropped, water ballast released, and then nose of the Zeppelin put up into practically a vertical position. By these tactics the Zeppelin was able to escape into the heavy clouds and was lost to sight. One of our machines was forced to land in Dutch waters. The machine was destroyed and the crew interned. Convoy and anti-submarine patrols have been maintained. Enemy destroyers and submarines have been attacked and direct hits registered. Bad visibility has interfered with bombing operations over Ostend and Zeebrugge, but many tons of explosives have been dropped with good results. During engagements that have taken place three enemy machines have been shot down in flames and six driven down out of control. All our machines have returned safely."
[Army and Navy Gazette of 10th August 1918]


† - Hundred and Sixteenth Loss in the Kingsdown with Creekside Benefice - 8th August 1918.

Private, Albert Henry LUCKHURST, 75897, 2/2nd Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) (of Oare)
Killed in Action: Aged 19
Memorial: Vis-En-Artois Memorial, Pas-de-Calais. Panel 3.
Theatre: France and Flanders
Died: Killed in Action. Died in an unsuccessful evening attack on Mallard Wood from Chipilly Ridge.


† - Hundred and Seventeenth Loss in the Kingsdown with Creekside Benefice - 12th August 1918.

Private, James DAVIS, 120795, 302nd Company, Labour Corps (of Doddington)
Killed in Action: Aged 42
Memorial: Croydon (Queen's Road) Cemetery. Row 4, Plot N, Grave 17446 , Stone 90
Theatre: France and Flanders
Died: Died at Home. At Croydon Division War Hospital, perhaps from Spanish Flu but maybe from unspecified trauma.


Teynham Golden Wedding Anniversary

Reported by the Faversham and North East Kent News on 17th August 1918. "Mr and Mrs William Henry Hodge, of Barrow Green, Teynham, celebrated their golden wedding last Friday [16th August]. They both belong to Borden, but immediately after their marriage moved to Teynham where Mr. Hodge has worked for fifty years. The old people’s eldest son, William Harry Hodge, was killed at Vimy Ridge, on April 10th last year, at the age of 32 years, and the younger son, Stanley Charles Hodge, who is in the Canadian Forces, is at present in hospital, he having been badly gassed about a fortnight ago. Two grandsons of Mr and Mrs Hodge are also serving."


Military Cross for T.J. Sewell

Reported by the Faversham and North East Kent News of 17th August 1918: "LOCAL WAR ITEMS - Some time back we recorded the award of the Military Cross to 2nd Lieut (Acting Captain) T.J. Sewell, RGA, SR, son of the Rev. T J Sewell, Vicar of Lynsted. The circumstances under which the award was made have just been published.
The official note states:- During an enemy attack he fought his section nearly all day under a heavy bombardment, and until he was subjected to severe machine gun fire from the flank and rear, and had suffered heavy casualties. He then destroyed his guns only abandoning the attempt to salve in consequence of the loss of so many horses. His cool and intrepid behaviour throughout was up to the best traditions of the regiment. Captain Sewell was mentioned in despatches in May."


Who Sank the Lusitania?

Reported in the Army and Navy Gazette of 17th August 1918. "It is satisfactory to learn on authority the fate of the man who sank the Lusitania on May 7, 1915. Captain-Lieutenant Schweizer, who commanded the submarine from which the deadly shot was fired, is now at the bottom of the North Sea, the victim of a mine. The odd thing is that for so long the name of this man should have been in doubt, and that, indeed, the infamous act has actually been claimed for, if not by, others. Some two months after the Lusitania was sunk a letter, said to be from a German Socialist, contained the assertion that the order to destroy that vessel was carried out by “U” 21, under the command of Lieutenant Hersing. This officer, in an interview with the writer of the letter, was said to have explained how he did it. The next claim was made for Captain-Lieutenant Max Valentiner, son of the Dean of Sonderberg Cathedral, the man who afterwards received the Order pour la Merite for having sunk 128 ships. Valentiner it was also who first bombarded Funchal. Then in November, 1917, the torpedo which sank the Lusitania was said to have been fired by Lieutenant Otto Steinbrink, although it was afterwards stated he was not in command of the boat. Finally, in the well-known German picture paper ‘Jugend’ a photograph of Lieutenant-Commander von Arnauld was used as the frontispiece of the issue which celebrated the third anniversary of the sinking of the Lusitania, and from this circumstance it was conjectured that von Arnauld was the guilty man. It will be interesting to see how the German Press receives the announcement of Schweizer’s fate, remembering how it raged when Weddingen’s death became known.


† - Hundred and Eighteenth Loss in the Kingsdown with Creekside Benefice - 21st August 1918.

Acting Colour Sergeant, Frederick Walter WILES, 511340 (formerly 4840), 2/14th Battalion - London Regiment (London Scottish) (of Lynsted)
Killed in Action: Aged 33
Memorial: Locre No 10 Cemetery, Heuvelland, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium. Grave Ref: B.3.
Theatre: France and Flanders
Died: Killed in Action. In operations around LOCREHOF.


† - Hundred and Nineteenth Loss in the Kingsdown with Creekside Benefice - 25th August 1918.

Private, Edward George LUCKHURST, 229343, 10th (City of London) Battalion (Royal Fusiliers) (of Teynham)
Killed in Action: Aged 27
Memorial: Achiet-Le-Grand Communal Cemetery Extension, Plot 3, Row C, Grave 10, Stone 823
Theatre: France and Flanders
Died: Killed in Action. During a sustained attack on FAVREUIL, acting as Battalion in support to BRIGADE.