This page brings into one place an account of medals awarded to casualties across the Kingsdown and Creekside Cluster of eight Parishes.
This relieves each story of the need to detail repeatedly the background to the award of each medal.
In the popular press after the war, when the war medals were awarded, the most commonly awarded medals were given nick-names when awarded together in groups of two or three. Each came from contemporary cartoon characters from the Daily Mirror newspaper in the 1920's:-
(1) The greater number of service-men were only awarded the British War and Victory Medals - when worn together they became known as "Mutt and Jeff";
(2) For those who served overseas at or near the outbreak of war, the 1914 or 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal worn together became known as "Pip, Squeak, and Wilfred" (a dog, a penguin and a rabbit).
The 1914 Star (a.k.a. Mons Star)
|The 1914-15 star
Similar to the 1914 Star but with the dates 1914-15 in the centre of the star, it was issued to a wider range of recipients. They included those who served in any theatre of war outside the UK between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915, except those eligible for the 1914 Star. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit were impressed on the reverse.
These two "star" medals were never awarded alone. The recipient would also receive the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. These three medals together were nicknamed "Pip, Squeak and Wilfred". They were characters in a Daily Mirror comic strip that featured Pip the dog, Squeak the penguin and Wilfred the rabbit.
|British War Medal 1914-18
Made of bronze, a serviceman would have to have entered a theatre of war (an area of active fighting), not just served overseas, to qualify for this medal. The face of the medal has a depiction of the winged figure of Victory and on the reverse it says 'The Great War for Civilisation 1914-1919’. Their service number, rank, name and unit were impressed on the rim. The colours of the ribbon represent the combined colours of the Allied nations, with the rainbow additionally representing the calm after the storm. The ribbon consists of a double rainbow with red at the centre.
This medal would always be awarded along with the British War Medal. The British War Medal and the Victory medal worn together were nicknamed "Mutt and Jeff" after two American comic strip characters.
|The Victory Medal 1914-18
This solid silver medal was awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war (an area of active fighting) or served overseas (perhaps as a garrison soldier) between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918 inclusive. Later this was extended to service in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920.
The front depicts King George V and the reverse shows the dates of the First World War and St. George on horseback trampling underfoot the eagle shield of the central powers (German and Austro-Hungarian Empires), with a skull and cross-bones. The ribbon has a central band of orange edged with white, black and blue lines. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit were inscribed on the rim of the medal. This is the only medal that could be awarded on its own. Sadly a lot of these medals were sold for scrap value.
|Military Medal (M.M.)
The Military Medal was awarded to other ranks of the British Army and Commonwealth Forces. It was an award for gallantry and devotion to duty when under fire in battle on land.
The reverse of the medal is inscribed "For Bravery in the Field". The recipient’s details are inscribed around the edge. The ribbon is dark blue, with five equal centre stripes in order white, red, white, red, and white. The recipient is entitled to use the letters M.M. after their name.
|Military Cross (M.C.)
Instituted by Royal Warrant on 28th December 1914.
Made of silver, the Military Cross was a decoration for gallantry during active operations in the presence of the enemy. Issued to British Army, Indian Army or Colonial Forces commissioned officers with the rank of Captain or below or Warrant Officers. From June 1917, officers of the rank of Captain but who had a temporary rank of Major could receive the award.
The reverse of the medal was issued plain with no engraving. Some families and individuals engraved their details at their own expense. The ribbon width is 32mm and consists of three equal vertical moiré stripes of white, purple, and white.
Recipients of the medal are entitled to use the letters M.C. after their name.
|The Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM)
Awarded for extremely high levels of bravery, the DCM was instituted during the Crimean War in 1854, it was awarded to other ranks who had shown the equivalent level of bravery that led to commissioned officers qualifying for the Distinguished Service Order. However, the DCM ranked well below the DSO in precedence.
Any further acts of bravery would be recognised with the addition of bars, but this was changed to laurel wreaths in 1916. Recipients are entitled to the post-nominal letters DCM.
A silver medal 36 mm in diameter. The obverse of this medal is an effigy of the reigning monarch. The reverse on all issues bears the inscription "FOR DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT IN THE FIELD". The suspender is of an ornate scroll type. The ribbon is 32 mm wide, with three equal parts crimson, dark blue, and crimson.
|The Silver War Badge
This sterling silver lapel badge intended to be worn on the right breast on civilian clothes only, was issued to UK WW1 service personnel who had been honourably discharged due to wounds or sickness. It was also referred to as a Discharge Badge, Wound Badge or Services Rendered Badge. It was first issued in September 1916, accompanied by an official certificate of entitlement.
This was put in place to avoid the ex-serviceman being subjected to the practice of some women to present white feathers to apparently ablebodied young men who were not wearing the King's uniform.
Each badge held a unique number on the reverse.